Im Vorfeld der Abstimmung über die Anerkennung Palästinas in der UN-Vollversammlung sind die israelischen Kommunisten und ihre Verbündeten in der Friedensbewegung für die von den Palästinensern eingebrachte Resolution eingetreten ( http://maki.org.il/en/party/137-news/11596-hadash-women-and-peace-groups-rallies-for-un-bid-in-tel-aviv-and-nazareth ). Das entspricht der politischen Linie der israelischen KP in dieser Frage. Auf ihrem 26. Parteitag im März 2012 hat sie ihre Vorstellung von einer friedlichen Lösung des Israel/Palästina-Konflikts dargelegt. Hier der Wortlaut des entsprechenden Abschnitts im Rechenschaftsbericht an den Parteitag.
The CPI's peace planThe CPI, which has struggled consistently and tirelessly against the Israeli occupation and its crimes and for a peace based on respect for the rights of the peoples, sees the realization of a general, just and stable Israeli-Arab peace, with Israeli-Palestinian peace at its heart, as a strategic goal of its political work.
The CPI's plan for peace includes the following elements:
1. Peace will be founded upon an Israeli retreat from all the Arab territories captured since the aggressive war it launched in June 1967, and on respect for the right of Israel, of the Palestinian state and of the Arab states to a sovereign existence and development in conditions of peace and security.
2. The Palestinian Arab people will realize its right to self-determination and to a sovereign state of its own in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Arab East Jerusalem, side by side with Israel.
3. The problem of the Palestinian refugees will be solved in accordance with the UN resolutions (which recognize their right to choose between return to the homeland and restitution) within the framework of the negotiations for Israeli-Palestinian peace.
4. The annexation of East Jerusalem, occupied by Israel, will be annulled. The independent Palestinian state will be sovereign over East Jerusalem. West Jerusalem will be recognized as the capital of Israel, and East Jerusalem as the capital of the independent Palestinian state, in accordance with the will of each people in its own state. The peace agreement will include a framework for accord on the entire city of Jerusalem, securing cooperation between its two parts in the municipal field, as well as free access to the holy places of the various religions etc.
5. All settlements in the Occupied Territories will be dismantled.
6. The entire Golan Heights will be returned to Syria.
7. Israel will retreat from all Lebanese territory (including Shebaa Farms).
8. Peace arrangements will be based on accords between states, which shall form the legal basis for peaceful coexistence and non-interference of all states in the internal affairs of the others. All sides will annul claims of a state of war and respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states of the region, including Israel and the independent Palestinian state, and their right to live within recognized, secure borders, free of the threat and use of violence.
9. The Middle East will be freed of nuclear weapons and all weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and biological weapons. Israel will sign the international Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Given the historical build-up of wars and distrust, the guarantee of the UN and other international agents will be necessary to implement the agreements and accords reached. Israeli-Palestinian peace and a general Israeli-Arab peace will open the way to additional, voluntary agreements on various matters, including economic matters, in which the parties have a common interest.
For the peace program to become reality, it is necessary to persevere in a consistent Jewish-Arab struggle against the occupation and the great injuries it causes to the Palestinian people and the people of Israel, as well as in the effort to raise international solidarity for this struggle.